According to UNICEF, the term 'children in conflict with the law' refers any person below 18 years who has come in contact with the justice system for committing a crime or has been suspected of committing a crime. Most children in conflict with the law have committed petty crimes such as vagrancy, truancy, begging or alcohol use. But there are some who have committed serious offenses such as murder or sexual assault. Some children are coerced into crime by adults, knowing that kids would get away with lenient punishment.
In India, children in conflict with law are governed by the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 which replaced the earlier Juvenile Justice Act, 2015. The law relates to children alleged or found to be in conflict with the law and seeks to protect children in need of care by catering to their basic needs, adopting a child-friendly approach to adjudicate matters and to rehabilitate them. Children in conflict with the law or juvenile offenders have to be presented before the Juvenile Justice Board in each city. This statutory institution has been set up under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. However, in many cases children are reported to the police, who then follow protocols set up for each case. In some cases children are provided with legal support.