COVID-19 Resources
Child Labour

What is Child Labour?

The International Labour Organisation defines child labour as any work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, their dignity and one that is harmful to the physical and mental development of the child. It includes work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous to children. Work that interferes with a child’s ability to attend and participate in school fully by obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to try to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work is also child labour. It is both a cause and consequence of poverty. In India, a "Child" as defined by the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act of 2016 as a person who has not completed 14 years of age.

Child labour in India

India sadly is home to the largest number of child labourers in the world. A growing phenomenon is children being used as domestic workers in urban areas. The conditions in which children work are completely unregulated and they are often made to work without food, with very low wages, resembling slavery. There are cases of physical, sexual and emotional abuse of child domestic workers. A Ministry of Labour notification has made child domestic work as well as employment of children in dhabas, tea stalls and restaurants "hazardous" occupations.

Child Labour Laws in India (PDF)

Child Labour in India -

Child Labour Rules 1988 -

Stop Child Labour in India CHILDLINE INDIA 1098

Q: What are the causes of child labour in India?

A: Poverty is the root cause of child labour in India. The other causes, unemployment and debt lead worst forms of child labour i.e. bonded labor.

Q:What is the punishment for child labour in India?

A: If any person employs a child below the age of 14 or between ages 14 to 18 years in a hazardous occupation or process can be punished with a jail time between one to six months and/or fine between 20,000 to 50, 000.

Q: What you can do to stop child labour?

A: If you come across any child forced or engaged in child labour, report to your nearest police station or call CHILDLINE on 1098.

Q:What are the anti-child labour laws?

A: Substantive laws against child labour in India include, Indian Penal Code 1860, The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976, Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act 2000.

Case Study

Case Studies on Child Labour

1. 10-year-old boy rescued from a stall in front of a school

A case was registered on Child HELPLINE 1098 in which a caller informed that a boy was engaged in is doing child labour at a stall in front of a school. The caller had said that the child is a minor, around 10-11 years old. Then CHILDLINE team Ambala sent a letter to the Child Welfare Committee for further investigation. After few days, a committee was made to rescue the child. CHILDLINE team, District Child Protection Unit and Labour Department were the part of committee. The team raided that stall and rescued the 10 year old child, Aman. A medical examination of the child was done at the Civil Hospital in Ambala City and the child was presented before the Child Welfare Committee. The CWC ordered temporary shelter of the child in an Open Shelter Home at Ambala Cantonment until his parents were not found. Later the CHILDLINE team dropped the child to the Open Shelter Home. The next day, Aman’s family came to the CWC office and after checking their ID Proofs and document; the child was handed over to his parents. They were advised that Aman has to study, not of work. The CHILDLINE team told the parents to let him study and make his own future.

(*Name and details changed to protect the child)

2. Read all the Child Labour Case Studies: